驳斥李万熙的附体论

真道yesu.org致力从圣经角度剖析异端邪教,为教会守望。征集各类异端邪教的爆料和投稿,让我们一起揭露异端邪教。点上方蓝字关注真道,愿真理的圣灵上帝感动和带领你。

作者丨shinchonjiandthebible

翻译丨菠萝蜜

编辑丨小葡萄

(转载请注明真道和作者)




保罗在写给提摩太的第二封书信中提到,有两个人通过错误地教导复活的事败坏了一些人的信心(提后2:17-18)。


复活是一个经常被曲解的话题。


在公元二世纪,诺斯底主义(异端)的领袖们重新定义了基督的复活以及神所预定的将来的复活。同样的模式也出现在了一些末世论团体中,他们宣称得到了来自于神的关于末世事件的启示信息。


然而,大多数都巧妙歪曲或错误解释关于复活的一个重要章节——林前15:50。




新天地说殉道者灵附体活人


在新天地,李万熙教导说殉道的圣徒的灵会再临,并居住在地上圣徒的荣耀身体里。新天地的推断来自于林前15:50,其中保罗说“血肉之体”不能承受神的国。


李万熙写到,“保罗说,血肉之体是必朽坏的,不能承受神的国(林前15:50)。死去的肉体是不能再活过来的……为了耶稣而失去了肉体的殉道者的灵会与我们的肉体结合,然后复活”(《天地创造》,李万熙,第252页)


像其他末世教师一样,李万熙错误地定义了“血肉之体(flesh and blood)”,目的是要教导人类不会通过自己荣耀的身体来复活。


(其他末世领袖也通过误用这个概念,来教导耶稣在天上不能拥有荣耀的身体。




李万熙说死去就绝不能再活


问题是“血肉之体”在上下文中是指终有一死的人类身体。


保罗说的是什么意思呢?


保罗是说,一个衰残的、致死的、被罪所支配而朽坏的身体,不能够承受神的国。人类需要一个崭新的、有力的、无罪的、变化了的(复活的)身体。


李万熙引用林前15:50,坚定地认为死去的肉体不能再活过来。


李万熙进一步写到,那些死去的人是以不同的肉体来复活的(即,地上那些拥有变化了的身体的人)。想要了解更多信息,可以去查阅李万熙关于灵肉合一的相关教义。



为什么新天地的这种解释是违背基督教思想和圣经证据的呢?



1、耶稣以肉体复活


首先,如果死去的肉体不能再活过来,那么耶稣的肉体也不能复活了,因为他的肉体被打残并被钉死在了十字架上。罗马士兵确信耶稣的确死了,然后才把他的尸体从十字架上取下的。


耶稣在约翰福音2:19-21中特别预言他将会再次复活他的肉体。“耶稣回答说,‘你们拆毁这殿,我三日内要再建立起来。’犹太人便说,‘这殿是四十六年才造成的,你三日内就再建立起来吗?’但耶稣这话,是以他的身体为殿。”


从经文证据来看,神使耶稣的身体得了复活和荣耀,而不是他的灵(路加福音24:39)。他复活的身体是旧身体的一个新的、更高的形态,但那不是灵魂。




2、复活指尸体复活而非灵


第二,这个解释使用了非圣经含义的圣经概念。


早期的犹太教和后来的基督教关于复活的概念,根据教义的定义,是指神给了一个人的身体超自然的生命。


例如,圣经经文揭示我们将来的复活和耶稣的复活是相似的。


耶稣是初熟的果子(林前15:20),是荣耀的。基督的身体得到了复活,而不是他的灵魂。


同样,当耶稣再临的时候,神会把复活的生命给已经死了的身体以及还活着的身体。这是林前15:52和帖前4:16-17的重点。


“因号筒要响,死人要复活,成为不朽坏的,我们也要变”(林前15:52b)。请注意在基督里死了的人会复活成为不朽坏的(即拥有新的、变化了的身体)。


“使复活(raising)”这个动词不是指他们的灵进入其他人的身体,那是转世(reincarnation)。


在新约的原文中,复活的意思是“站直”,指的是尸体复活。“死人要复活,尸首要兴起。睡在尘埃中的人啊,要醒起歌唱”(以赛亚书26:19a)。


耶稣斥责撒都该人不信复活的事时,他说撒都该人不明白圣经和神的大能(马太福音22:29)。希腊哲学家也嘲笑保罗关于将来身体复活的论调,尽管希腊思想也相信人死后灵魂的存在,但是并不相信身体的复活。


神向以西结展示,他可以让枯骨长出肉并给他们新的生命(以西结书37:1-8),这只有神才能做得到。



3、身体得赎


第三,神的计划是在末世时恢复整个属肉体的世界,这也包括他所赐给我们的必死的身体。


林前6:13、罗马书8:23-24和腓立比书3:20-21都提到了这一点。


“身子不是为淫乱,乃是为主;主也是为身子。并且神已经叫主复活,也要用自己的能力叫我们复活”(林前6:13b,14)


“……等候得着儿子的名分,乃是我们的身体得赎。我们得救是在乎盼望”(罗马书8:23b,24a)


“……按着那能叫万有归服自己的大能,将我们这卑贱的身体改变形状,和他自己荣耀的身体相似”(腓立比书3:21b)


想象一下,那些殉道的圣徒被告知像新天地教导的这样,“当你们重回地上的时候,你们会在其他人的身体里复活。”这意味着最终一个身体里会有两个人的灵,这与基督教关于身体复活的教义相比会带来更多复杂的问题。


如上文提到的,在林前15:50中,“血肉之体(flesh and blood)”这个词指的是“必朽坏的”身体(即致死的身体需要被改变才能承受永恒的国度)。


“弟兄们,我告诉你们说,血肉之体不能承受神的国,必朽坏的不能承受不朽坏的……这必朽坏的总要变成不朽坏的,这必死的总要变成不死的。”(林前15:50,53)


必死的身体将被复活或变化,才能参与到将要来到的世界之中。


但是,保罗并非在说因为上帝没有能力复活死去的身体,那些死去的圣徒们必须在其他人的身体中复活。这与复活的含义以及其他不同的教导是相违背的。




最后,我们来看看新天地关于这一点所提出的一些问题。


新天地问复活怎么像天使


新天地的问题:耶稣在马太福音22章中说,我们复活的生命就像天使一样,这个该如何解释?这个难道不是在说那些死去的人不是作为人复活,而是作为灵体来复活吗?


在马太福音22章中,耶稣说我们会像天使一样,这是指复活后会像天使一样永远不死,而不是在说我们新的属性或本质。


换句话说,耶稣不是在说我们会像天使一样带着一对翅膀,同时还有能力变成人的模样。就像有人会说,“你们会像罗马人一样的,非常强大。”这里的表述是想要指向他们的力量会像罗马政府一样强大,而不是其他方面。


最后,如果上面的表述是真的话,那就意味着所有参与到复活中的人都会像天使一样,地球上就不会再有肉体的人类了。但是,耶稣并不是这么说的。



新天地问复活的灵性身体


新天地的问题:在林前15:42-44中,保罗说复活的是灵性的身体,这又怎么解释呢?


保罗在林前15:42-44的说法,是要表明新的复活的身体是远优于我们现在这必死的身体的。那个身体更有能力,事实上,它是不朽坏的或者说是不可摧毁的。而且,它也是一个灵体。


但是,希腊文中的“身体(body)”这个词指的是属肉的、人的身体,而“灵性的(spiritual)”这个词被用来指“超自然的”、更有能力的身体。


最后,因为耶稣不是作为一个灵被复活,而是借着他自己的身体被复活了,我们也可以确信,神也将会复活我们的身体(罗马书8:23)。




原文


Dear reader,

In Paul´s second letter to Timothy, he mentions that two individuals were destroying the faith of some incorrectly teaching about the resurrection (2 Tim. 2:17,18).  The resurrection is a topic that has been commonly distorted.  In the second century, the Gnostic leaders redefined the resurrection of Christ and God´s plan for future resurrections.   

The same pattern is found in end-time groups, who claim to have revealed information from God about end-time events.  Yet, most subtly distort (or incorrectly explain) one of the most important passages about the resurrection – I Corinthians 15:50.

In Shinchonji, Mr. Lee teaches that the saints who have died will return as spirits and inhabit glorified bodies of the saints on earth.  His reasoning is because of I Cor. 15:50, where Paul mentions that ¨flesh and blood¨ cannot inherit the kingdom of God.

He writes, ¨Paul said that flesh and blood, which is perishable, cannot inherit the kingdom of God (I Cor. 15:50).  Flesh that has died once cannot live again…The spirits that have lost their bodies for the sake of the Lord will clothe themselves with our physical bodies and be resurrected¨ (Creation of Heaven and Earth, p. 252).

Mr. Lee, like other end-time teachers, incorrectly defines ¨flesh and blood¨ to teach that resurrected humans will not be restored with their own glorified body.  (End-time leaders also misuse this concept to teach that Jesus cannot have a glorified body in heaven.)

The issue is that the phrase ¨flesh and bones¨ in context is a synonym for mortal bodies.  What is Paul saying?  He is teaching that a weak, mortal human body – corrupted and dominated sin – cannot inherit God´s kingdom.  Humans require a new, powerful, sinless, and transformed human (resurrected) body.     

Mr. Lee cites I Cor. 15:50 to affirm that flesh that has already died cannot live again.  He further writes that those who have already died are resurrected in a different flesh (i.e. those who have transformed bodies on earth).  For more information, consult Mr. Lee´s doctrine of flesh and spirit unions in the article on the Counselor.

Why is this explanation opposed to Christian thinking and biblical evidence?

First, if flesh that has died cannot live again, then Jesus´ flesh could not have lived again since his flesh was mutilated and crucified.  The Roman guards made sure he had no physical life in him before removing his corpse from the cross.  However, Jesus specifically predicted that he would raise his flesh/human body again in Jn. 2:19-21.

¨Jesus answered them, ´Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.´ The Jews replied, ´It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?’ But the temple he had spoken of was his body.¨

From the biblical evidence, God raised and glorified Jesus´ human body, not his spirit (Lk. 24:39).  His resurrected humanity was a new, higher form of his old body, but it was not a spirit.  (See other articles on the resurrection body and problems with a spirit-Jesus.)

Secondly, this explanation uses a biblical concept with a unbiblical definition.  (See article on quoting biblical terms with false meanings.)  The early Jewish and later Christian concept of a resurrection, definition, involves God giving supernatural life to a person´s body.

For example, the written word reveals that our future resurrection will be similar to Jesus´ resurrection.  Jesus is the first of a future harvest (I Cor. 15:20), which will be glorious.  Jesus´ body was restored, not his spirit.  Likewise, God will give resurrection life to mortal bodies that have died and mortal bodies that are alive when Jesus returns.  This is the point of I Cor. 15:52 and I Thess. 4:16,17.

¨For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.¨ (I Cor. 15:52b).  Notice that the dead in Christ are raised imperishable (i.e. with new, transformed bodies).  The verb ¨raising¨ does not refer to their spirits entering other bodies, which is a form of reincarnation.  In the original language of the New Testament, resurrection means ¨standing erect¨ and refers to the corpse coming to life.  ¨Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise.  O dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy¨ (Is. 26:19a).

When Jesus rebuked the Sadducees for their disbelief in a resurrection, he responded that they did not know the Scriptures or the power of God (Mt. 22:29).  The Greek philosophers also mocked Paul when he argued for a future (bodily) resurrection, even though Greek thinking believed in spirit existence after death, but not a bodily resurrection.  God showed Ezekiel that he could put flesh on bones and give them new life (Ez. 37:1-8), which is an act that only God can do.

Thirdly, God´s plan is to restore the physical world in the end, which includes mortal bodies that he gave us.  I Cor. 6:13,14, Rom. 8:23,24, and Phil. 3:20, 21 make this point.

The hope of the redemption of our bodies is for everyone, believers who have died and who are living.

¨The body is not meant for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body.   his power God raised the Lord from the dead, and he will raise us also¨ (I Cor. 6:13b,14).

¨…we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.  For in this hope we were saved¨ (Rom. 8:23b,24a).

¨…who the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body¨ (Phil. 3:21b).

Imagine the saints who have died being told, ¨You are going to be resurrected in another person´s body when you get back to earth.¨ This would mean that there would be two human spirits inside a body in the end, which only leads to more questions and complications than the Christian teaching of a bodily resurrection.

As mentioned above, the phrase ¨flesh and blood¨ in 1 Cor. 15:50 refers to ¨perishable¨ bodies (i.e. mortal bodies needing to be transformed for an eternal kingdom).  ¨I declare to you brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable….for the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality¨ (I Cor. 15:50,53).

Mortal bodies will be resurrected or transformed to participate in the world to come.  However, Paul is not saying that saints who have died must be resurrected in someone´s else body because God does not have the power to resurrect flesh that has died.  This would go against the meaning of a resurrection and other passages that teach to the contrary.

In closing, we include some questions that Shinchonji has raised about this point.

Question:  What about Jesus´ statement that we will be like the angels in the resurrection life in Mt. 22?  Doesn´t this mean that those who died are not resurrected as humans, but as spirits in a spiritual body?

In Mt. 22, Jesus is qualifying that we will be like angels in the sense of never dying, not in the sense of our new nature or essence.  In other words, Jesus is not saying that we are going to be like angels with wings and the ability to appear as humans.  It´s like someone saying, ¨You´ll be like the Romans, very powerful.¨ But the description is intended to refer to their power, not other areas, like government.  Lastly, if this statement were true, then it would mean that all humans who participate in the resurrection life would be like angels and there would be no physical humans on the new earth.  But, this is not what Jesus is saying.   

Question:  What about Paul´s statement that those who are resurrected are resurrected in a spiritual body in I Cor. 15:42-44?

Paul´s point in I Cor. 15:42-44 is to show that the new resurrection body is far superior to the present, mortal body we possess.  It is more powerful; in fact, it will be raised imperishable or indestructible.  Also, it will be a spiritual body.  But, the word ¨body¨ in Greek refers to a physical, human body and the word ¨spiritual¨ is used to refer to a ¨supernatural,¨ more powerful body. (For a more in depth answer on this point, consult   reasonablefaith.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=6963)  Lastly, since Jesus was not resurrected as a spirit and was resurrected in his own body, we too can be assured that God will resurrect our flesh (Rom. 8:23).  



– END –



回复“新天地”获得识别方法和更多资料帮助

回复“海报”送您防范新天地海报

点击“真道”关注


点点在看 ✟ 互相代祷

↓ ↓ ↓

发表评论

开始在上面输入您的搜索词,然后按回车进行搜索。按ESC取消。

返回顶部