新天地邪教对独一圣灵的错误理解

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撰文丨维南.杜文海格 夫妇

翻译丨菠萝蜜

编辑丨小葡萄

 

接上篇《新天地邪教对保惠师的错误理解

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02.圣灵 vs 先生

 

 

在新天地,“圣灵(holy spirit)”这个词指的是一个圣洁的灵(a spirit that is holy)。

 

新天地认为圣灵,不限于单指神自己的灵(the singular Spirit of God himself),还包括天上所有圣洁的天使(灵),而且他们拥有不同的任务。

 

当然,如果从希腊语中的灵(pneuma)或天使(angelon)来看,如果把上文论及的灵看作是“一个圣洁的灵(a holy spirit)”也确实没有问题。

但是,当我们读到“the(单数特指)Holy Spirit”情况却有变化。这种情况时,“the Holy Spirit”首字母大写,因为它指向一个实体——这是从希腊文“to(the) Pneuma/Pneumatos(Spirit) Hagion(Holy)”而来。

 

圣经在谈论很多灵或天使时是非常明确的,如可8:38中的圣洁的天使以及启示录中的七位天使。

而在谈论某个特定的灵时,比如“to Pneuma Hagion”,会用首字母大写加以确认,确认这是某个特定实体的名字。

 

 

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独一圣灵

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新天地认为耶稣所应许的圣灵(the Holy Spirit),并不是2000年前已经来临的一个单一的灵。

他们所教导的是那曾经帮助过使徒们的灵体,实际上是“很多灵(holy spirits)”。

可是,圣经中几乎所有涉及“the Holy Spirit”的经文所指的都不是这个。

徒2:33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.(他既被神的右手高举,又从父受了所应许的圣灵,就把你们所看见所听见的,浇灌下来。)

 

徒2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.(他们就都被圣灵充满,按着圣灵所赐的口才,说起别国的话来。)

以上经文非常清楚,使徒们承认他们已经接受了,耶稣离开他们之前向他们应许的圣灵。此处并没有其他解释的空间,所以应许的不可能是“很多圣灵(many holy spirits)”。 

此处附上根据圣徒所得的关于赐圣灵的应许与成就的时间轴

 

1

约14:26中耶稣应许的是“the Advocate, the Holy Spirit(保惠师,圣灵)”,而不是“the Advocate, a holy spirit(保惠师,一个圣灵)”。

在英语中,描述一个个体,为了更加明确而深入地来解释这个特别的事物会这么来表达,比如说“Henry, the policeman(亨利,警察)”。

因此,从语言学的角度讲:

the Advocate=the Holy Spirit

不管怎样,耶稣确认在说过如下内容的几天内圣灵(the Holy Spirit)将会被差遣到使徒那里:

徒1:3-5 After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.“(他受害之后,用许多的凭据将自己活活地显给使徒看,四十天之久向他们显现,讲说神国的事。耶稣和他们聚集的时候,嘱咐他们说:“不要离开耶路撒冷,要等候父所应许的,就是你们听见我说过的,约翰是用水施洗,但不多几日,你们要受圣灵的洗。”)

很显然,耶稣之前说的这个“gift”就是保惠师,真理的圣灵:
使徒会在耶稣说完这句话的几日之内收到这个应许的恩赐(gift)。
 
但新天地却解释说有一个肉体牧者李万熙,会在2000年后才得到这应许的圣灵,而且还是他单方面的宣告,这是完全错误的。
 
 
2

耶稣在太10:20里就承认圣灵(the Spirit)将会作为Helper/Comforter/Counselor(即帮助使徒的保惠师——译者注)赐给使徒们。圣灵作为保惠师赐给使徒们。

太10:20 for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.(因为不是你们自己说的,乃是你们父的灵在你们里头说的。)

3

圣灵(the Holy Spirit)甚至可能在五旬节之前就已经赐给了使徒们。

约20:21-22 Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.”And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.(耶稣又对他们说,愿你们平安。父怎样差遣了我,我也照样差遣你们。说了这话,就向他们吹一口气,说,你们受圣灵。)

4

圣灵(the Holy Spirit)也充满了其他人(使徒以外的人,甚至神所接纳的外邦人):

徒10:44-45 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit came on all who heard the message.The circumcised believers who had come with Peter were astonished that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out even on the Gentiles.(彼得还说这话的时候,圣灵降在一切听道的人身上。那些奉割礼和彼得同来的信徒,见圣灵的恩赐也浇在外邦人身上,就都希奇。)

徒15:8God, who knows the heart, showed that he accepted them  giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as he did to us.(知道人心的神,也为他们作了见证。赐圣灵给他们,正如给我们一样。)

5

为求更加清晰,以下列出关于使徒被圣灵(the same one Holy Spirit)充满而赐予不同能力(gifts)的经文

林前12:8-13To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge means of the same Spirit,to another faith the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing that one Spirit,to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues.All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body. So it is with Christ.For we were all baptized one Spirit into one body–whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free–and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.(这人蒙圣灵赐他智慧的言语。那人也蒙这位圣灵赐他知识的言语。又有一人蒙这位圣灵赐他信心。还有一人蒙这位圣灵赐他医病的恩赐。又叫一人能行异能。又叫一人能作先知。又叫一人能辨别诸灵。又叫一人能说方言。又叫一人能翻方言。这一切都是这位圣灵所运行,随己意分给各人的。就如身子是一个,却有许多肢体。而且肢体虽多,仍是一个身子。基督也是这样。我们不拘是犹太人,是希利尼人,是为奴的,是自主的,都从一位圣灵受洗,成了一个身体。饮于一位圣灵。)

因此,我们可以清楚地看到:神只有一个圣灵!但神可以通过这个圣灵,给予很多不同的恩赐,比如医治、异能、先知等

腓1:27Whatever happens, conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ. Then, whether I come and see you or only hear about you in my absence, I will know that you stand firm in one Spirit, striving together as one for the faith of the gospel.(只要你们行事为人与基督的福音相称。叫我或来见你们,或不在你们那里,可以听见你们的景况,知道你们同有一个心志,站立得稳,为所信的福音齐心努力。)

我们再次看到,此处显示“你们”这些神在腓立比的圣民,(striving together as one)他们要努力成为一体,必须站稳在一个灵里(one Spirit),而不是多个灵

 

因此,一个实体(the Holy Spirit)可以同时通过不同的人(肉体)来做工。这圣灵帮助他们,安慰他们,劝诫他们。

 

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五旬节的圣灵

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有一次新天地教会的担任,想证明圣灵保惠师不是在五旬节所赐的圣灵。

新天地将五旬节所发生的说方言的事,与哥林多前书14:19所说到的intelligible words(明白易懂的话语)做了个比较。

林前14:19 But in the church I would rather speak five intelligible words to instruct others than ten thousand words in a tongue.(但在教会中,宁可用悟性说五句教导人的话,强如说万句方言。)
新天地担任主要是想说明,五旬节所说的话语是模糊不明的话语(unintelligible words),这种话语毫无价值,因此不可能是保惠师(the Advocate)给予的能力。

A

如果我们仔细查考圣经,会发现五旬节所说的话语,事实上是明白易懂的话语,否则为什么人们都听懂了他们所说的话?

圣灵不仅只是用难懂的方言(speak in tongues),而且由于特定的原因,即为了基督教第一个教会的建立,用了其他语言(speak in other languages)。

 

文本显示很明确:

徒2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them。(他们就都被圣灵充满,按着圣灵所赐的口才,说起别国的话来。)徒2:5-11 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven.When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language.Utterly amazed, they asked: “Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans?Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language?Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Lia near Cyrene; visitors from Rome(both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs–we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”(那时,有虔诚的犹太人,从天下各国来,住在耶路撒冷。这声音一响,众人都来聚集,各人听见门徒用众人的乡谈说话,就甚纳闷。都惊讶希奇说,看哪,这说话的不都是加利利人吗?我们各人,怎么听见他们说我们生来所用的乡谈呢?我们帕提亚人,玛代人,以拦人,和住在米所波大米,犹太,加帕多家,本都,亚西亚,弗吕家,旁非利亚,埃及的人,并靠近古利奈的吕彼亚一带地方的人,从罗马来的客旅中,或是犹太人,或是进犹太教的人,革哩底和亚拉伯人,都听见他们用我们的乡谈,讲说神的大作为。)

五旬节所说的方言并非仅是含糊不清、难以听懂的话语。事实上,这么做是为了很多人能够理解话语,而其结果就是第一个基督教会的建立
徒2:38-42 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off–for all whom the Lord our God will call.”With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.”Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.(彼得说,你们各人要悔改,奉耶稣基督的名受洗,叫你们的罪得赦,就必领受所赐的圣灵。因为这应许是给你们,和你们的儿女,并一切在远方的人,就是主我们神所召来的。彼得还用许多话作见证,劝勉他们说,你们当救自己脱离这弯曲的世代。于是领受他话的人,就受了洗,那一天,门徒约添了三千人。都恒心遵守使徒的教训,彼此交接,掰饼,祈祷。)
新天地的担任想解释说,因为当时圣灵(the Holy Spirit)没有指教我们为罪、为义、为审判,所以新天地说那个圣灵就不是圣灵保惠师(Holy Spirit/advocate)。但是圣经有很多地方提及,圣灵按照自己的意思给予特定的恩赐,也有很多例子说到,使徒们向神的信徒们传讲圣灵向他们说的话,指教听众罪、义和审判。

B

还有一处可以证明:圣灵是在使徒时代就被差遣来了!而且被他们看作是与神和耶稣的权威相一致的存在

太28:19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in tahe nme of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,(所以你们要去,使万民作我的门徒,奉父子圣灵的名,给他们施洗。)林后13:14 May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.(愿主耶稣基督的恩惠,神的慈爱,圣灵的感动,常与你们众人同在。)

——此处圣灵给予他们感动(the fellowship)的表述,与希腊文中parakletos(帮助者,安慰者)的角色是一致的。

弗4:4-6 There is one body and one Spirit— just as you were called to one hope when you were called–one Lord, one faith, one baptism;one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.(身体只有一个,圣灵只有一个,正如你们蒙召,同有一个指望,一主,一信,一洗,一神,就是众人的父,超乎众人之上,贯乎众人之中,也住在众人之内。) 

林后3:16-18 But whenever anyone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect the Lord’s glory, are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.(但他们的心几时归向主,帕子就几时除去了。主就是那灵。主的灵在哪里,哪里就得以自由。我们众人既然敞着脸,得以看见主的荣光,好像从镜子里返照,就变成主的形状,荣上加荣,如同从主的灵变成的。)

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亵渎圣灵罪无可赦

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可见,新天地用“many holy spirits”许多圣灵代替“the Holy Spirit”独一圣灵的概念,是新天地想努力削弱独一圣灵(the Holy Spirit)的权威、大能和恩赐!

 

新天地也试图要捏造一个新的故事,即新天地说保惠师圣灵(the Holy Spirit/Advocate)有特定的角色,且仅通过如今一个特定的肉体来做工,但是真正的保惠师圣灵,但真正的圣灵保惠师在2000年前就已经应允赐给那时特定的一群人了。

我们需要非常小心,以免犯了亵渎圣灵或者不承认其大能的罪:

太12:31-32 所以我告诉你们,人一切的罪,和亵渎的话,都可得赦免。惟独亵渎圣灵,总不得赦免。凡说话干犯人子的,还可得赦免。惟独说话干犯圣灵的,今世来世总不得赦免。可3:29 凡亵渎圣灵的,却永不得赦免,乃要担当永远的罪。
还有一个很关键的逻辑:如果圣灵(the Holy Spirit)只是新天地说的圣洁的灵魂,而不是独一神的灵。为什么毁谤圣洁的灵魂,会被看是亵渎上帝罪(blasphemy)呢。 太12章表明即使干犯人子也可得赦免,但干犯圣灵却不得赦免

如果圣灵(the Holy Spirit)仅仅是指新天地所说的一个圣洁的灵魂(a spirit that is holy),就像天使们一样,毫无疑问干犯这些天使们并没有干犯耶稣的罪大,因为耶稣拥有比天使们更高的地位……

 

但此处很明显,干犯圣灵被视为是比干犯耶稣更严重的事情,这就表明这个圣灵(the Holy Spirit)是如同神一样的存在(God-like being)!绝对不是指许许多多所谓天上的义人、灵、使者、天使!

 

 

未完待续wxsync 8802845755d80ed2710d8f1568730407

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